Guide to Mozambique

Once a Portuguese colony, Mozambique won its independece in 1975 but remained in the grip of civil war until 1992. Recently, Mozamique has topped the tourism tables to emerge as one of the world's most beautiful travel hot spots.

By TTM on 11 October 2007 in Destination Guides

Name: The Republic of Mozambique
Location: Southeast Coast of Africa. The Indian Ocean is to the East, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia are to the North. Zimbabwe and South Africa are to the west and Swaziland and Spouth Africa are to the south.
Nationality: Mozambican
Population: 19.4 million (via UN, 2006)
Capital: Maputo
Area: 812,379 sq km (313,661 sq miles)
Major languages: Portuguese (official), Makua-Lomwe, Tsonga, Shona, Swahili
Major religions: Indiginous beliefs, Islam, Christianity
Life expectancy: 41 years (men), 43 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 metical (plural meticais) = 100 centavos
Main exports: Seafood, cotton
GNI per capita: US $310 (World Bank, 2006)
Internet domain: .mz
International dialling code: +258
Time Zone: GMT/UTC +2  hours
Voltage: Local voltage is 220/240 V 50 Hz
Water: Although water is reasonably safe, visitors are advised to drink bottled water.

Entry Requirements: A visa is required from the Mozambique Consulate or embassy. You must present a passport, two recent photgraphs and fill the a form. Visas can be obtained at the frontiers for a 30-day visit.
Terrain: From the coastal plains inland, the land changes abruptly from a narrow palm-studded strip of beach along the coast to a broad belt of savannah and woodland then forested mountains. Forty per cent of the territory has an altitude rising to 200 metres; Cabo Delgado, Nampula and the interior of Inhambane are plateaus of 200 to 600 metres and further on between Manicva and Sofala the land forms mountans with ehgiths above 1000 metres. The highest points are in the mountainous region located by the border.
Climate: The climate. generally tropical and humid, is influenced by the monsoons from the Indian Ocean and the hot current of the Mozambique Canal. The rainy season is between October and April. The dry season in the Centre/North lasts for four to six months whereas in the South, the dry tropical climate lasts between six and nine months.
Average Temperatures: 20 degrees in the south and 26 degrees in the north. Highest temperatures are usually registered in the rainy season.

Airports: Maputo, Beira and Nampula


Great Britain and Northern Ireland
21 Fitzroy Square, London W1
Tel: (+44) (0) 207 383 3800

1990 M Street NW Suite 570 Washington DC 20036
Tel: (01202) 2937725

Public Holidays
January 1st - New Years' Day
February 3rd - Mozambique's Hero Day
April 7th - Mozambique's Woman's Day
May 1st - Labour Day
June 25th - Independence Day
September 7th - Lusaka Agreement Day
Septembert 25th - Armed Forces Day
October 4th - Peace Day
December 25th - Family Day


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