Guide to Nicaragua

Nicaragua, dubbed 'The land of lakes and volcanoes' has unfortunately had many natural disasters which in concert with civil war has left this country in poverty. Nevertheless tourists flock here to see its mangroves, reefs and forests.

By TTM on 11 October 2007 in Destination Guides

Name: Nicagagua
Location: Central America, borders Honduras on the north and Costa Rica on the south. Its western coastline is on the Pacific Ocean, and the east side is on the Caribbean Sea
National Bird: Guardabarranco (Turquoise-browed Motomot
Population: 5.7 million (UN, 2005)
Capital: Managua
Area: 120,254 sq km (46,430 sq miles)
Major languages: Spanish, English, indigenous languages
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 67 years (men), 72 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 gold cordoba = 100 centavos
Main exports: Coffee, shrimp and lobster, cotton, tobacco, beef, sugar, bananas, gold
GNI per capita: US $790 (World Bank, 2005)
Internet domain: .ni
International dialling code: +505
Climate: The area between the lakes and the Pacific Ocean is dry and has little precipitation.
Temperature: Varies between 27º and 32º C (81º and 90º F) in the rainy season from May to October, and between 30º and 35º C (86º and 95º F) in the dry season from November to April.

Notes: Nicaragua has three distinct geographical regions: the Pacific Lowlands, the North Central Mountains and the Atlantic Lowlands. The Pacific Lowlands are broad, hot, fertile plains with large volcanoes. The Lowlands are home to the Maribios mountain range, 25 volcanic cones and beautiful and impressive beaches. The Central Region has a cooler climate and is mainly agricultural with coffee plantations on the higher slopes. Hikers often drink from the clear waters of the mountain springs and bird watchers can glimpse the odd quetzal, goldfinches, hummingbirds, magpies or toucanets. Those taking the famous Pan-American Highway can drive right through the heart of the country to the Honduras border.

The Atlantic Lowlands is a large rainforest region, the second largest in the Amercas after the Amazon in Brazil.


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