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Camino de Santiago: The French Way (Camino Francés)

St. Jean Pied de Port, in France to Santiago de Compostela, in the North West of Spain, has become increasingly popular segment of the Camino de Santiago.

Exhausted pilgrims
Exhausted pilgrims (c) Rupert Parker

In recent years the pilgrimage route from St. Jean Pied de Port, in France to Santiago de Compostela, in the North West of Spain, also known as The French Way or Camino Francés, has become increasingly popular. Ironically most people are tackling the Camino de Santiago not for religious reasons but rather to test themselves or just simply to get away from it all. And the good news is that you get a certificate, showing you’ve completed the walk, at the end.

The “Way of St James”

Camino pilgrim
Camino pilgrim (c) Rupert Parker

In English, it is known as The Way of St James, as the bones of the disciple are supposedly buried in the cathedral of Santiago, but to the hikers it’s just the Camino. In fact there’s not just one route, but many coming from all over Europe, and the most popular is The French Way. It climbs the Pyrenees, winds its way across Navarre, Rioja, Castile and Leon, before entering Galicia and arriving in Santiago. With a fair wind behind you, it takes just over a month.

I want to get a taste of the route, without doing the whole trek. In fact many people don’t have the time to do the whole lot, so return year after year to do their missing sections. Accommodation varies from dormitory beds in Albergues, often costing a few Euros, to luxury rooms in Paradors, with a great deal of choice in between. There’s always food along the way with most places offering a three course pilgrim menu for around ten euros.

The Pyrenees

The path climbs steeply as it traverses the Pyrenees and this is one of the hardest sections of the walk. It reaches 1050m before dropping into Spain and reaching Roncesvalles, where there’s a huge abbey church and the first overnight stop. Even though it’s April, there are already a lot of people on the trail, all plodding purposely forward and, compared to me, completely overloaded.

St Jean Pied de Port
St Jean Pied de Port (c) Rupert Parker

In the next few days, there are some beautiful sections, particularly as I walk down from Roncesvalles, through beech and oak woods, passing through immaculate Basque villages, houses all in white with red or green shutters. But there are a number of large cities, like Pamplona, Logroño, Burgos and Leon where the tramp through sprawling suburbs on the side of busy highways is slightly gruelling.

Burgos Cathedral
Burgos Cathedral (c) Rupert Parker

However the rewards come in the shape of magnificent cathedrals, ruined castles and medieval streets, not to say excellent food and drink.

Trials of the Meseta

After leaving Burgos there are the trials of the Meseta, a barren tableland at 800m, with no shade and howling winds. There’s little respite until the city of Leon where the landscape begins to change and snow-capped mountains loom on the horizon.

Iron cross
Iron cross (c) Rupert Parker

You begin to climb and finally reach the highest point on the Camino, marked by an iron cross. You’re supposed to leave a stone you’ve carried from home at its foot which, in theory, will absolve you of some of your sins.


At Sarria, in Galicia, I’m just 100 km from Santiago and it gets even busier. For those who want a certificate, they can start here, walk the last five days and still qualify. It’s a calming section of the walk, through green rolling hills and broad meadows, the wooded pathways providing plenty of shade.

Galicia wooded pathways
Galicia wooded pathways (c) Rupert Parker

I begin to sense muted elation among the pilgrims since they’re near to reaching their final destination. Some of them look like war veterans, with couples supporting each other as they limp ever further forwards.

On my last day, I arrive in Santiago just in time for the midday pilgrims’ mass in the Cathedral. At the end of the service, eight red robed men swing the famous Botafumeiro, an incense burner weighing 80 kg.

incense burners in Botafumeiro
incense burners in Botafumeiro (c) Rupert Parker

It flies through the air dispensing holy smoke to the multitude. For those medieval pilgrims, it must have been heartening to know you’d halved your time in purgatory by going the distance. For me, though, I’m just glad that I don’t have to walk any further.

Fact File

Tour operator: Follow the Camino operates 9 main routes to Santiago and covers all accommodation, transfers, maps and walking notes. Guided groups start from €750 per week with self-guided from €430, not including flights.

Fly: Ryanair flies to Biarritz, the nearest airport to St. Pied de Port, from London Stansted. EasyJet flies from Santiago to Gatwick.